Demand of Bitumen in India
“After the unprecedented floods in November and December last year, nearly 2,500 km of roads were damaged and many stretches are being re-laid or repaired. We are unable to get enough bitumen for our work since there is demand from neighbouring States as well,” said a source in the Highways Department.
Requirement for bitumen is usually quite high from February to August when roads are laid in Tamil Nadu. This year, after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and formation of Telangana, a lot of roads are being laid in the two States. Demand for bitumen also comes from the Army, National Highways Department of India, local bodies and airports.
“In Tamil Nadu, everybody seems to be in a hurry since the elections are just round the corner and projects have to be begun. They also have to finish up before the end of the financial year,” explained a contractor, who has been waiting for bitumen.
Sources in the oil industry explained that the Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd (CPCL) refinery at Manali processed around 10 lakh tonnes of crude oil a month and from that, 40,000 tonnes of bitumen were obtained every month.
“The refinery is already working on Sundays due to the peak in demand. It cannot refine more than its capacity. But, that has been fixed based on the requirement of various stakeholders. There is enough bitumen for everyone. It is supplied on first-come-first-served basis,” said a source.
CPCL supplies three categories of bitumen based on the viscosity of the product. It is sent to Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. that markets it. However, a section of the contractors said that even though they paid advance for the bitumen, they were still waiting for their turn.
“We need 2.2 tonnes of bitumen for laying a single lane road of 3.5 metre width.”
Chennai Airport director Deepak Shastri said they had been in need of bitumen only for re-laying of the main runway for a while now. For a few months now, the re-laying of the main runway for a length of 3,658 metres – a routine procedure done once in a while – has been carried out. Officials noted they needed about 1,000 tonnes of bitumen for this process that might go on for about ten months. They have completed phase I of the re-laying and the phase II is on.
“The major work starts during phase III. That is when an extensive requirement is likely,” he added.
A lot of bitumen is needed from February to August when roads are laid
Import duty leived by GOI
Import duty & taxes for Bitumen 60 70. The import duty rate for importing Bitumen 60 70 into India is 0% , the import VAT is 0%, when classified under Industrial Materials & Supplies ? Chemicals & Chemical Products. organic ? Petroleum Oil. crude with HS commodity code 2709.00.00.
suppliers of Bitumen in India
Asia Pacific was the dominant market in 2015 and accounted for over 33.0% of the global volume and will show growth on account of rising construction industry growth in India, China, Thailand, and Vietnam. Moreover, the presence of the major market players in the region including ExxonMobil, Shell Bitumen, and British Petroleum will augment industry expansion over the next eight years. Also, Asia Pacific will increase its bitumen consumption owing to the extensive road network in the region.
North America bitumen market was valued over USD 19.00 billion in 2015 and is expected to witness significant expansion on account of the growing need for rebuilding existing assets such as bridges, highways, and buildings.
MEA is expected to show significant volume gains with CAGR of 2.0% from 2016 to 2024 as a result of growing construction sector primarily in UAE and Qatar coupled with rising infrastructure activities in the region. Also, increasing government spending on construction will further propel industry growth in the near future.
Bitumen can be used as a binder for aggregates to produce hot mix asphalts and macadams. Typically scorching bitumen is delivered to a fixed asphalt flower where the sizzling hot mixture is definitely produced and then carried to the road site for lounging and compaction to generate the finished street surface. Different specification binders allow the road construction industry to generate surfaces that facilitate different efficiency.
This is a process commonly used for road maintenance. It normally contains spraying a thin film of binder onto the street surface area utilizing a mobile spray vehicle. This is usually immediately followed by the software of a level of stone chippings that are rolled to introduce them into the surface. Emulsions and cutbacks are often used in the spray application.
Variations on these two main themes have got also been developed for bituminous road surfacings.
Bitumen Types and Their Uses:
Paving Grades - street surfacing, and some industrial applications
Hard Marks - paints and enamels, etc.
Oxidised/Blown Levels - roofing, waterproofing, electrical products, and many others
Cutback Bitumens - bringing out and some blending applications
Bitumen Emulsions - used generally in road appearing applications
Polymer Modified Binders (PMBs) - there are different types and they can be used for many of the applications mentioned above
Various other Applications:
Bitumens are also used in flooring materials (mastic concrete), to back floor covering tiles, while joint sealants, in pipe layer (both land and ocean), in automotive applications, seeing that adhesives and for numerous other applications
Key application markets for bitumen include roadways or street construction, waterproofing (roofing), adhesive and insulation. Road building was the largest program market for bitumen in 2014, which accounted for about 75% of global intake in 2014. Rising infrastructural activities for improving road networks in developed and developing nations is certainly major traveling element for bitumen marketplace. Additionally, increasing applications of polymer improved bitumen (PMB) as chemical additives, adhesives, in household building and street construction can be expected to possess a positive impact on the market. Waterproofing was the second largest application of bitumen in 2014. Waterproofing is an essential part of roofing and building construction.
Bitumen market was decided by North Usa with around one third shares in total volume consumption in 2014. North America is certainly adopted by Asia Pacific and Europe. However, owing to environmental concerns connected with manufacturing of bitumen commercially and availability of alternatives such as cement is certainly anticipated to hold the growth of this market in areas like European countries and North U . s.
Important application markets for bitumen include roads or road construction, waterproofing (roofing), adhesive and insulation. Street structure was the largest software marketplace for bitumen in 2014, which paid for about 75% of global usage in 2014. Increasing infrastructural actions for enhancing street systems in created and developing nations is normally main generating aspect for bitumen market. Additionally, raising applications of polymer modified bitumen (PMB) as chemical substance additives, adhesives, in home structure and road construction is certainly expected to have a positive effect on the marketplace. Waterproofing was the second largest program of bitumen in 2014. Waterproofing is definitely a significant part of roofing and building construction.
Bitumen marketplace was dominated by North America with around one third stocks in total quantity intake in 2014. North America is normally implemented by Asia Pacific and Europe. Nevertheless, still to pay to environmental issues linked with developing of bitumen in a commercial sense and availability of alternatives such as cement is normally anticipated to keep the development of this sector in locations like European countries and North Usa.
Asia Pacific was the superior market in 2015 and accounted for over 33.0% of the global volume and will show growth on account of rising construction industry development in India and given rise to bitumen importers in India, China, Thailand, and Vietnam. Moreover, the presence of the major marketplace players in the region including ExxonMobil, Cover Bitumen, and English Petroleum will augment market development over the next eight years. Also, Asia Pacific will increase its bitumen consumption owing to the intensive road network in the region.
North U . s bitumen market was respected over USD 19.00 billion in 2015 and is expected to witness significant expansion on accounts of the growing need for rebuilding existing assets such as bridges, highways, and buildings.
MEA is expected to present significant volume increases with CAGR of 2.0% from 2016 to 2024 because of this of growing construction sector primarily in UAE and Qatar coupled with increasing infrastructure activities in the region. Also, increasing authorities spending on building will additional propel sector growth in the near upcoming.